To drink or not to drink
The fact that alcohol is harmful to health is known to all. But people drank, drink and will drink ... Or maybe the question is not whether to drink or not to drink, but how to drink, WHAT and how much?
Information on the properties of alcohol
and its effects on health, the most controversial and misleading. But there are facts that are quite convincing and verified many times. We decided with the help of experts to get answers to the most popular questions related to alcohol consumption. And each person can draw conclusions for himself.
• It is believed that alcohol is good for your health. Is this true or not?“There are over 100 studies that prove that mild or even moderate drinking reduces the risk of developing cardiovascular disease. This applies not only to men, but also to women, ”says Ann Manson, MD, Harvard Medical School. But nevertheless, despite the results of such studies, experts are more aware of the destructive effects of alcohol on health.
According to the academician of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences, Honored Doctor of the Russian Federation, Professor Alexander Bronstein, the use of wine up to 150 g daily is really able to maintain health to some extent. True, as Finance Minister Count Witte said at the turn of the 20th century, in Russia they drink no more than in other countries of the world, but get drunk more often. And this is still relevant, because in Russia, unfortunately, the culture of drinking is not developed. And the consequences of alcohol abuse are known - there are diseases that are called "alcoholic": alcoholic cardiomyopathy, alcoholic pancreatitis, fibrosis and liver cirrhosis
• Alcohol and breast cancer: is there a connection? There is no direct link between alcohol use and cancer. But women in the “risk group” (with a hereditary predisposition to cancer), of course, must be very careful about alcohol.
• How much can I drink?“A safe dose of alcohol is, of course, an interesting question,” says Professor Bronstein. -But there is no definite answer to it. It is believed that 40 g of ethanol per day is a harmless dose to the body (this is 100-150 ml of wine, 360 ml of beer or 40-45 ml of strong alcohol), everything above it causes a change in the body. But even this “therapeutic dose” is not suitable for everyone - it all depends on the individual characteristics of the person and the state of health. ”
• What is the best choice?A number of experts (but not all!) Suggest that dry wine is preferable - it contains many useful substances, in particular, antioxidants, which grapes are rich in. As for red or white wine, there is no exact data on which of them is more useful.PHOTO: PRO. CORBIS / FOTOSA.RU